## 1.2.1 Venn Diagrams

Venn diagrams are very useful in visualizing relation between sets. In a **Venn diagram**
any set is depicted by a closed region. Figure 1.2 shows an example of a Venn diagram.
In this figure, the big rectangle shows the universal set $S$. The shaded area shows another set $A$.

Figure 1.3 shows two sets $A$ and $B$, where $B \subset A$.